By Sugata Bose
On December 26, 2004, significant tsunami waves destroyed groups round the Indian Ocean, from Indonesia to Kenya. past the awful demise toll, this wall of water introduced a telling reminder of the interconnectedness of the various international locations at the ocean rim, and the insignificance of nationwide barriers. 100 Horizons takes us to those beaches, in a super reinterpretation of ways tradition built and background was once made on the top of the British raj. among 1850 and 1950, the Indian Ocean teemed with humans, commodities, and ideas: pilgrims and armies, trade and hard work, the politics of Mahatma Gandhi and the poetry of Rabindranath Tagore have been all associated in wonderful methods. Sugata Bose unearths in those complex social and fiscal webs proof of the interdependence of the peoples of the lands past the horizon, from the center East to East Africa to Southeast Asia. In following this narrative, we find that our ordinary methods of history--through the lens of nationalism or globalization--are now not sufficient. The nationwide excellent didn't easily collapse to inevitable globalization within the past due 20th century, as is usually meant; Bose finds as an alternative the very important significance of an intermediate historic house, the place interregional geographic entities just like the Indian Ocean rim foster nationalist identities and pursuits but at the same time facilitate interplay between groups. 100 Horizons merges information and fantasy, heritage and poetry, in a amazing reconstruction of ways a region's tradition, economic system, politics, and mind's eye are woven jointly in time and position. (20060721)
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Additional resources for A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire
In the colonial era, the cosmopolitan array of peoples in the port cities and their hinterlands no longer translated readily into a cosmopolitan attitude. During the early decades of this century not only was the pace of anticolonial nationalisms quickened at these sites, but also related sectarian and “communal” conﬂicts were accentuated. Such conﬂicts cannot be explained without addressing the seemingly continuous but indeed transformed interregional ﬂows of capital and labor in the colonial era.
The focus here is on the relationship of people to commodities and the 30 space and time on the indian ocean rim interregional networks of capital and labor that made their production and marketing possible. To construct my narrative of interregional links across the Arabian Sea, I examine under a microscope a primary product—pearls—that had to be extracted from the seabed and then introduce the tasting of a spice—cloves—that was grown on the tiny islands of Zanzibar and Pemba. For the ﬂows across the Bay of Bengal a plantation product—rubber—cultivated on the Malay peninsula and rice grown on the great Irrawaddy delta are my commodities of choice.
A Methodist from Yorkshire whose parents were friends of William Wilberforce, founder of the Anti-Slavery 47 a hundred horizons Society, Thompson was made the “Political Agent” to deal with matters concerning the Arab tribes and left in command of the garrison at Ras al Khaima once the main expeditionary force was withdrawn in July 1820. A better ideologue than a soldier, he promptly led a small force of British and Indian troops into a humiliating defeat at the hands of the Bani Bu’Ali tribe. 26 There followed in the next few decades seven more treaties with Arab chiefs.