By Kerry Kuehn
This e-book offers a chronological advent to the sciences of astronomy and cosmology in line with the studying and research of vital choices from vintage texts, akin to Ptolemy's "The Almagest," Kepler's "Epitome of Copernican Astronomy," Shapley's "Galaxies" and Lemaitre's "The Primeval Atom."
Each bankruptcy starts off with a brief advent via a studying choice. rigorously crafted research questions draw out key issues within the textual content and concentration the reader's awareness at the author's equipment, research, and conclusions. Numerical and observational workouts on the finish of every bankruptcy try out the reader's skill to appreciate and follow key options from the text.
"The Heavens and the Earth" is the 1st of 4 volumes in "A Student's consultant during the nice Physics Texts." This booklet grew out of a four-semester undergraduate physics curriculum designed to motivate a severe and circumspect method of usual technology, whereas even as getting ready scholars for complex coursework in physics.
This booklet is especially appropriate as a college-level textbook for college kids of the typical sciences, heritage or philosophy. It additionally serves as a textbook for complicated high-school scholars, or as a thematically-organized source-book for students and influenced lay-readers. In learning the vintage medical texts incorporated herein, the reader should be drawn towards a life of contemplation.
Read or Download A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts, Volume 1: The Heavens and the Earth (Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics) PDF
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Whether he’s diving to the ground of the Marianas Trench, development the Brooklyn Bridge, or racing with the rate of sunshine to the farthest reaches of the universe, Isaac Asimov excites our intellect.
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Extra info for A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts, Volume 1: The Heavens and the Earth (Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics)
1360. 1 Introduction 29 Fig. 2 A mechanical model of the heavens based on rotating homocentric spheres nested inside the sphere of fixed stars, P . (From Neugebauer’s A History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy, p. 1360) (D) Sphere D is connected to sphere C; it rotates about axis Ξ . This governs Saturn’s motion in latitude (above and below the plane of the ecliptic). The inner three spheres, D , C and B , are counter-rotating so as to exactly counteract all but the first of the aforementioned motions.
That which contains the one star, is really moving many bodies. For this last sphere moves with many others, to which it is fixed, each sphere being actually a body; so that its movement will be a joint product. Each sphere, in fact, has its particular natural motion, to which the general movement is, as it were, added. But the force of any limited body is only adequate to moving a limited body. The characteristics of the stars which move with a circular motion, in respect of substance and shape, movement and order, have now been sufficiently explained.
6 Chapter 12 There are two difficulties, which may very reasonably here be raised, of which we must now attempt to state the probable solution: for we regard the zeal of one whose thirst after philosophy leads him to accept even slight indications where it is very difficult to see one’s way, as a proof rather of modesty than of overconfidence. Of many such problems one of the strangest is the problem why we find the greatest number of movements in the intermediate bodies, and not, rather, in each successive body a variety of movement proportionate to its distance from the primary motion.