By Jerome Bruner
Jerome Bruner argues that the cognitive revolution, with its present fixation on brain as "information processor;" has led psychology clear of the deeper target of figuring out brain as a author of meanings. merely by way of breaking out of the restrictions imposed through a computational version of brain do we grab the targeted interplay wherein brain either constitutes and is constituted through tradition.
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Constructivism's basic claim is simply that knowledge is "right" or "wrong" in light of the perspective we have chosen to assume. Rights and wrongs of this kind-however well we can test them-do not sum to absolute truths and falsities. " Put this way, constructivism hardly seems exotic at all. " Richard Rorty, in his exploration of the consequences of pragmatism, argues that interpretivism is part of a deep, slow movement to strip philosophy of its "foundational" status. " In support of James, Rorty remarks, "his point is that it is of no use being told that truth is 'correspondence with reality' ...
Our knowledge, then, becomes enculturated knowledge, indefinable save in a culturally . based system of notation. In the process, we have broken · through the original bounds set by the so-called biology of memory. Biology constrains, but not forevermore. Or take the so-called natural human motives. It would be silly to deny that people get hungry or sexy or that there is a biological substrate for such states. But the devout Jew's commitment to fasting on Yom Kippur or the devout Mus21 • Acts of Meaning lim's commitment to Ramadan is not captured by a recital of .
Perhaps its principal property is its inherent sequentiality: a narrative is composed of a unique sequence of events, mental states, happenings involving human beings as characters or actors. These are its constituents. But these constituents do not, as it were, have a life or meaning of their own. Their meaning is given by their place in the overall configuration of the sequence as a whole-its plot or fabu/,a. The act of grasping a narrative, then, is a dual one: the interpreter has to grasp the narrative's configuring plot in order to make sense of its constituents, which he must relate to that plot.