Download American Eras: Early American Civilizations and Exploration by Gretchen D. Starr-Lebeau PDF

By Gretchen D. Starr-Lebeau

ISBN-10: 0787614785

ISBN-13: 9780787614782

A part of a chain offering distinct details at the eras of pre-twentieth century the United States, this quantity contains articles overlaying headlines and headline makers, awards, achievements and different enlightening and pleasing evidence on early American civilization.

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As the corn grew taller the beans spiraled around the cornstalk and rose above the ground. Squash stayed close to the ground, and its broad leaves sheltered the other plants' roots from the harsh sun and helped prevent soil erosion. The technique also helped the soil because just as corn leeches nitrogen from the soil, beans fix new nitrogen into it. In terms of diet the plants must also go together. On their own, corn and beans are less nutritious than when combined in the same diet because each plant possesses amino acids that complement the acids of the other.

Paiutes spent the winters in higher elevations where firewood was more plentiful, and when their winter stores of food ran out they moved into lower elevations to begin again the cycle of hunting and gathering. Some bands made pottery but others did not. Basketry was a far more important technology for storing and transporting food and other items because of its lightweight and sturdiness. Sources: Warren L. : Smithsonian Institution, 1986); Pamela Bunte and Robert Franklin, The Paiute (New York: Chelsea House, 1990).

Cahokia's chiefs supervised the building of the largest earthen structures in prehistoric North America, and they coordinated the production and exchange of a wide range of prestige goods in addition to enormous quantities of foodstuffs. What kept the chiefdom going was trade, and so long as the goods flowed, the chiefdom prospered. The population of Cahokia probably peaked at about twelve thousand people. , however, Cahokia was declining. Competition with other chiefdoms, climatic change and a breakdown in the subsistence economy or internal strife may have triggered the decline, but archaeologists still are not sure why a society as well developed as Cahokia disappeared.

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