By Ian G Simmons
This can be a heritage of our environment in England, Wales, and Scotland, and of the interactions of individuals, position, and nature because the final ice sheet withdrew a few 10000 years in the past. it really is taken with the altering cultures (in the total anthropological experience) of the peoples inhabiting Britain in addition to with the surroundings they remodeled, exploited, abused, and adored.
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Additional resources for An environmental history of Great Britain: from 10,000 years ago to the present
Very few if any are solely due to natural changes. The organisation of the material Chapters 2–8 form the core of the book. 1. Some of these systems belong largely to the realm of nature and connect Great Britain very widely indeed: the atmosphere is a good example. Others are mostly human in their components (military use of land and sea for instance) but relate to environmental opportunities and to environmental impact. 3. Since the aim is to write about most of these, there is no space to give an exhaustive treatment of changes in species.
But dry tangle of bramble. Any resulting fire would, however, be confined in area and would at most kill some saplings and perhaps a few birch or aspens. There would certainly be no widespread crown fire. Other natural factors: senescence and windthrow Discussion of this undoubted source of disturbance (to which could be added the loss of trees from ice-glaze during certain winter conditions) tends to be conflated with fire in much of the literature. North American levels of about twelve storms in 300 years in an area prone to remnant hurricanes is not a high frequency, and seems likely to have been exceeded in the cyclonic climate of the British Isles.
The immigration of tree species into Great Britain continued even into the agricultural era, with beech and hornbeam arriving only after the first farmers. Natural means of dispersal did not carry them beyond southern England. Along with the development of vegetation, soils changed as well. The accumulation of raw humus on the tops of tundra soils or the shallow incorporation of organic matter in a very thin soil layer (rendzina soils) gave way to deeper soils with a more even distribution of organic matter down the profile, usually known as brown earths.