By Susan Nance
The concept that of 'modernity' is valuable to many disciplines, yet what's modernity to animals? Susan Nance solutions this question via a thorough reinterpretation of the lifetime of Jumbo the elephant. within the Eighties, shoppers, the media, zoos, circuses and taxidermists, and (unknowingly) Jumbo himself, remodeled the elephant from an orphan of the worldwide ivory exchange and zoo captive right into a distracting foreign superstar. electorate on continents imaged Jumbo as a sentient person and puppy, yet have been aghast whilst he died in an business coincidence and his is still have been absorbed via the taxidermic and animal rendering industries reserved for nameless animals. The case of Jumbo uncovered the 'human challenge' of contemporary residing, in which humans celebrated person animals to manage or distract themselves from the wholesale slaughter of animals required through glossy consumerism.
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The idea that of 'modernity' is critical to many disciplines, yet what's modernity to animals? Susan Nance solutions this query via a thorough reinterpretation of the lifetime of Jumbo the elephant. within the Eighties, shoppers, the media, zoos, circuses and taxidermists, and (unknowingly) Jumbo himself, reworked the elephant from an orphan of the worldwide ivory exchange and zoo captive right into a distracting foreign superstar.
Extra resources for Animal Modernity: Jumbo the Elephant and the Human Dilemma
113 “Elephants,” The Spectator, July 16, 1887; Holder, Ivory King, g vii. 114 Editorial, Derby Daily Telegraph, June 1, 1882. ; “London Ivory Sales,” Sheffield Daily Telegraph, April 29, 1882; “Ivory,” Liverpool Mercury, January 30, 1883. 116 Editorial, Derby Daily Telegraph, June 1, 1882. ” Burnley Gazette, June 9, 1883; Editorial, Morning Postt (London), October 24, 1884. 117 Editorial, Pall Mall Gazette, April 6, 1886. 118 This article was reprinted in various papers, see for instance: “Exit Elephant,” Portsmouth Evening News, December 2, 1882; “Exit Elephant,” Leamington Spa Courier, December 2, 1882; “Exit Elephant,” Leeds Mercury, December 9, 1882.
Notes 1 Excluding the many, many children’s books written about Jumbo, there exists many popular retellings of the elephant’s story, for instance: “The Life of Jumbo the Elephant,” St. st-thomas. q=content/life-jumbo-elephant, accessed May 1, 2015; Bondeson, The Cat Orchestra, 93–140; Carpenter, “P. T. , “World Went Mad When Jumbo Came to Town”; Kelly, “P. T. ” 2 Although less concerned with historical periodization and the concept of modernity, there are two carefully researched and critical accounts of the life of Jumbo derived from detailed research in archives at the London Zoological Society, Tufts University archives, and elsewhere: Chambers, Jumbo; Jolly, Jumbo.
Again, in part citizens were uninformed, in part they practiced some willful amnesia. ”84 Some years before the Jumbo sale, news had leaked to London’s Daily Telegraph – and was reprinted in a New York Times story, “London Elephants. How they are Treated at the Zoological Gardens – Lack of Care and Frequent Change of Keepers” – explaining that Bartlett had fired some experienced handlers and replaced them with some untried elephant managers, for whom he did not provide sufficient training or supervision.