By Eva L. Feldman
This atlas provides a entire define of neuromuscular illnesses, written by means of revered American and ecu authors. It discusses all points of neuromuscular issues together with cranial and spinal nerves, motor neuron ailments, nerve plexus, peripheral nerves, mono- and polyneuropathies, entrapment syndromes, neuromuscular junctions, and muscle disorder. each one bankruptcy is based into the next sections: anatomy, signs, indicators, pathogenesis, prognosis and differential prognosis, treatment and diagnosis. The diagnostic instruments in neuromuscular disorder are defined and sensible directions are provided on how one can boost from signs to syndromes. The healing innovations for every illness also are defined. during this re-creation, the constitution of the chapters has been reorganized and chapters on rules of peripheral nerves, nerve soreness, nerve surgical procedure and rehabilitation were additional. the present development of elevated use of imaging options equivalent to US and MRI within the analysis and follow-up of neuromuscular problems can also be reflected.
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Additional resources for Atlas of Neuromuscular Diseases: A Practical Guideline
Arch Neurol 68:1467–1470 Boon AJ (2012) Hematoma risk after needle electromyography. Muscle Nerve 45:9–12 Burke SL, Higgins J, McClinton M et al (2006) Hand and upper extremity rehabilitation. 3rd edn. Churchill Livingstone, St Louis Burns TM, Graham CD, Rose MR et al (2012) Quality of life and measures of quality of life in patients with neuromuscular disorders. Muscle Nerve 46:9–25 Cartwright MSWF, Griffin LP, Caress JB (2011) Peripheral nerve and muscle ultrasound in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
The frequency does not 14 • • • • 1 Tools change and contrasts with the waning and waxing pattern of myotonia. Myotonic discharges are induced by mechanical provocation (needle, percussion). They are independent, repetitive discharges of muscle fibers at rates of 20–80 Hz. The amplitude and frequency wane characteristically. ” They occur in myotonic dystrophy, myotonia congenita, paramyotonia congenita, hyperkalemic periodic paralysis, acid maltase deficiency, and myotubular myopathy. Neuromyotonia are bursts of multiple spikes, discharging in high frequency (up to 300 Hz).
These newer metrics employ compo- nents of older but well-standardized motor, sensory, spasticity, respiratory, and disability scales. Pain scales are now more widely used in assessing the level of a patient’s discomfort and monitoring success of therapeutic interventions. A new addition to the field of neuromuscular disease is the emphasis on quality of life as both a patient-centered outcome and a measure of disease efficacy. Specific quality of life-outcome tools are now available for neuropathies, myopathies, and motor neuron diseases.