By Christopher J. Foot
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Die Natur, die Welt, die uns umgibt, ist unermeßlich reich an Farben. Der Mensch hat seine farbige Welt selbst seit Jahrtausenden darzustel len versucht. Das geschah in prähistorischen Felsmalereien, während der klassischen Malereiepochen, in farbiger Plastik, in den glühenden Farben der Glasfenster romanischer und gotischer Kathedralen, in der Dichtkunst, im Feuerwerk, in der Forschung.
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Extra resources for ATMOSPHERIC THERMODYNAMICS - Elementary Physics and Chemistry
Both are pitched at a higher level than the present text and both delve more deeply into many aspects of the subject. 6 19 where H is called the scale height. H is usually between 8 and 9 km. What is this in thousands of feet? Compare to the altitude of typical jet air ﬂights. 1) to the Earth’s radius? If p0 is 1000 hPa, what is a typical pressure in Denver (mile high city)? 6 km. (a) Compute the circumference of the Earth at the Equator in km. (b) How many km are there per degree of longitude at the Equator?
Two newer books on applications of thermodynamics to atmospheric science and oceanography are those by Bohren and Albrecht (1998) and Curry and Webster (1999). Both are pitched at a higher level than the present text and both delve more deeply into many aspects of the subject. 6 19 where H is called the scale height. H is usually between 8 and 9 km. What is this in thousands of feet? Compare to the altitude of typical jet air ﬂights. 1) to the Earth’s radius? If p0 is 1000 hPa, what is a typical pressure in Denver (mile high city)?
2 Distribution of velocities Obviously the molecules in a box are not moving parallel to the x, y and z directions exclusively. Instead molecules will have instantaneous velocity components vx , vy , and vz . Consider the vx component for an individual molecule at a given time. The value of vx will take on a range of values from one time to the next because of collisions with other molecules (it can be thought of as a random variable). Computer simulations suggest that after only a hundred or so collisions per molecule the probability density of values of vx settles to a steady functional form.