By Louise Young
In past the city, Louise younger seems on the emergence of urbanism within the interwar interval, an international second whilst the fabric and ideological constructions that represent "the city" took their attribute smooth form. In Japan, as somewhere else, towns turned the staging floor for broad ranging social, cultural, fiscal, and political changes. the increase of social difficulties, the formation of a client market, the proliferation of streetcars and streetcar suburbs, and the cascade of investments in city improvement reinvented town as either socio-spatial shape and set of principles. younger tells this tale throughout the optic of the provincial urban, analyzing 4 second-tier towns: Sapporo, Kanazawa, Niigata, and Okayama. As prefectural capitals, those towns constituted facilities in their respective areas. All 4 grew at a massive fee within the interwar a long time, a lot because the metropolitan giants did. regardless of their commonalities, neighborhood stipulations intended that regulations of nationwide improvement and the vagaries of the company cycle affected person towns in varied methods. As their ameliorations display, there's no unmarried grasp narrative of 20th century modernization. by way of attractive city tradition past the city, this research indicates that jap modernity used to be now not made in Tokyo and exported to the provinces, yet particularly co-constituted throughout the movement and alternate of individuals and concepts through the nation and past.
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Additional info for Beyond the Metropolis: Second Cities and Modern Life in Interwar Japan
The media were a key factor in the outbreak and spread of the rioting. Indeed, their role in the rice riots served as an important demonstration of the social power of the press among an increasingly literate, newspaperreading public. Coverage in the press of the daily rises in rice prices helped inflame public anger in the first place; sensational reports of riots in one locale inspired crowds elsewhere to act. 29 Recognizing the inflammatory role of the media, in mid-August the Home Ministry began to censor reports of the riots.
Reserving an entire train traveling from Tokyo to Kyoto for a party of friends and a company of Tokyo geisha, he followed these onboard festivities with a lavish party in Kyoto, where the local geisha had their turn to entertain. During the war boom such stories of the eccentricities of overnight millionaires—their excessive generosity and their excessive extravagance—turned the narikin into local legends. Standing out from the ranks of the ordinary businessman—the bland and timorous salaryman—the narikin exuded WORLD WAR ONE AND THE CIT Y IDEA • 25 brazen self-confidence and hypermasculinity.
It is this combination of material and ideological forces that I highlight by the term Tokyo-centrism. Intellectuals, the literati in particular, stood at the heart of this process. Literary production in the early twentieth century was concerned, overwhelmingly, with everyday life. Because their depictions of life in the metropolis, in the provincial town, and in the rural village critically shaped urban and rural imaginaries, writers occupied a central role in the 37 production of Tokyo-centrism.