By Ian Jarvis(eds.)
The Oligocene and Miocene Epochs include an important stages within the Cenozoic international cooling that led from a greenhouse to an icehouse Earth.
Recent significant advances within the realizing and time-resolution of weather occasions happening at the moment, in addition to the proliferation of reviews on Oligocene and Miocene shallow-water/neritic carbonate platforms, invite us to reassess the importance of those carbonate platforms within the context of adjustments in weather and Earth floor approaches. Carbonate structures, as a result of a large dependence at the ecological specifications of organisms generating the sediment, are delicate recorders of alterations in environmental stipulations on this planet surface.
The papers integrated during this precise ebook handle the dynamic evolution of carbonate platforms deposited through the Oligocene and Miocene within the context on climatic and Earth surfaces methods concentrating on climatic tendencies and controls over deposition; temporal adjustments in carbonate manufacturers and palaeoecology; carbonate terminology; facies; approaches and environmental parameters (including water temperature and creation intensity profiles); carbonate manufacturers and their spatial and temporal variability; and tectonic controls over architecture.
This publication is a part of the International organization of Sedimentologists (IAS) certain Publications.
The unique courses from the IAS are a suite of thematic volumes edited by means of experts on matters of imperative curiosity to sedimentologists. Papers are reviewed and published to an analogous excessive criteria as these released within the magazine Sedimentology and a number of other of those volumes became normal works of reference.
Chapter 1 A Synthesis of past due Oligocene via Miocene Deep Sea Temperatures as Inferred from Foraminiferal Mg/Ca Ratios (pages 1–16): Katharina Billups and Kathleen Scheiderich
Chapter 2 Latitudinal developments in Cenozoic Reef styles and their dating to weather (pages 17–33): Christine Perrin and Wolfgang Kiessling
Chapter three Carbonate Grain institutions: their Use and Environmental importance, a quick evaluation (pages 35–47): Pascal Kindler and Moyra E.J. Wilson
Chapter four Temperate and Tropical Carbonatesedimentation Episodes within the Neogene Betic Basins (Southern Spain) associated with cLimatic Oscillations and alterations in Atlantic?Mediterranean Connections: Constraints from Isotopic information (pages 49–69): Jose M. Martin, Juan C. Braga, Isabel M. Sanchez?Almazo and Julio Aguirre
Chapter five Facies versions and Geometries of the Ragusa Platform (SE Sicily, Italy) close to the Serravallian–Tortonian Boundary (pages 71–88): Cyril Ruchonnet and Pascal Kindler
Chapter 6 The Sensitivity of a Tropical Foramol?Rhodalgal Carbonate Ramp to Relative Sea?Level swap: Miocene of the relevant Apennines, Italy (pages 89–105): Marco Brandano, Hildegard Westphal and Guillem Mateu?Vicens
Chapter 7 Facies and series structure of a Tropical Foramol?Rhodalgal Carbonate Ramp: Miocene of the critical Apennines (Italy) (pages 107–127): Marco Brandano, Laura Corda and Francesca Castorina
Chapter eight Facies and Stratigraphic structure of a Miocene Warm?Temperate to Tropical Fault?Block Carbonate Platform, Sardinia (Central Mediterranean Sea) (pages 129–148): Merle?Friederike Benisek, Gabriela Marcano, Christian Betzler and Maria Mutti
Chapter nine Coralline Algae, Oysters and Echinoids – a Liaison in Rhodolith Formation from the Burdigalian of the Latium?Abruzzi Platform (Italy) (pages 149–163): Marco Brandano and Werner E. Piller
Chapter 10 Palaeoenvironmental value of Oligocene–Miocene Coralline purple Algae – a evaluation (pages 165–182): Juan C. Braga, Davide Bassi and Werner E. Piller
Chapter eleven Molluscs as an enormous a part of Subtropical Shallow?Water Carbonate construction – an instance from a center Miocene Oolite Shoal (Upper Serravallian, Austria) (pages 183–199): Mathias Harzhauser and Werner E. Piller
Chapter 12 Echinoderms and Oligo?Miocene Carbonate platforms: capability functions in Sedimentology and Environmental Reconstruction (pages 201–228): Andreas Kroh and James H. Nebelsick
Chapter thirteen Coral range and Temperature: a Palaeoclimatic point of view for the Oligo?Miocene of the Mediterranean sector (pages 229–244): Francesca R. Bosellini and Christine Perrin
Chapter 14 past due Oligocene to Miocene Reef Formation on Kita?Daito?Jima, Northern Philippine Sea (pages 245–256): Y. Iryu, S. Inagaki, Y. Suzuki and ok. Yamamoto
Chapter 15 Carbonate construction in Rift Basins: types for Platform Inception, development and Dismantling, and for Shelf to Basin Sediment delivery, Miocene Sardinia Rift Basin, Italy (pages 257–282): Mario Vigorito, Marco Murru and Lucia Simone
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Extra info for Carbonate Systems during the Oligocene-Miocene Climatic Transition
In: Encyclopedia of Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks (Ed. G. Middleton), pp. 557–560. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht. Kiessling, W. (2005) Long-term relationships between ecological stability and biodiversity in Phanerozoic reefs. Nature, 433, 410–413. Kiessling, W. (2006) Towards an unbiased estimate of ﬂuctuations in reef abundance and volume during the Phanerozoic. Biogeosciences, 3, 15–27. ugel, E. (2002) Paleoreefs - a database on Kiessling, W. and Fl€ Phanerozoic reefs. In: Phanerozoic Reef Patterns (Eds W.
Kiessling 12 35 Indo-Pacific Global 30 All reefs Tropical coral reefs 10 25 8 20 6 15 4 10 Eo Ol Mi Pl Eo 0 18 Mediterranean-Tethys Ol -1 Pa Pl Mi Reef sites (Myr ) 2 5 0 Caribbean 4 16 14 3 12 10 2 8 6 1 4 2 Pa 60 Eo 50 40 Ol 30 Mi 20 Pl 10 Ol 0 0 60 50 40 30 Mi 20 Pl 10 0 0 Age (Ma) Fig. 1. Number of recorded pre-Pleistocene Cenozoic reef sites, ﬁltered to include only reefs with at least sub-epoch level stratigraphic resolution and normalized to 1 Myr. Data are shown globally, for the Indo-Paciﬁc, Mediterranean-Tethys, and the Caribbean.
After 23 Ma, this link disappeared. 28 C. Perrin and W. , 2002). g. Harriott & Banks, 2002). This correlation is certainly stronger for symbiont-bearing, light-dependent reef-builders such as zooxanthellate scleractinian corals. The northern limit of zooxanthellate coral distribution in the present-day oceans is explained by a temperature threshold below which the symbiotic relationship between the zooxanthellae and the coral host does not fully function any more. The value of this limiting temperature likely varies signiﬁcantly among species.