By John Reeves
This quantity examines the transmission of biblical pseudepigraphic literature and motifs from their principally Jewish cultural contexts in Palestine to constructing gnostic milieux of Syria and Mesopotamia, relatively that one mendacity in the back of the beginning and progress of Manichaeism. It surveys biblical pseudepigraphic literary task within the past due old close to East, devoting targeted consciousness to revelatory works attributed to the 5 biblical forefathers who're brought up within the Cologne Mani Codex: Adam, Seth, Enosh, Shem, and Enoch. the writer presents a philological, literary, and religio-historical research of every of the 5 pseudepigraphic citations inside the Codex, and gives hypotheses concerning the unique provenance of every quotation and the ability in which those traditions were tailored to their current context. This research is a vital contribution to the scholarly reassessment of the jobs performed by way of moment Temple Judaism, Jewish Christian sectarianism, and classical gnosis within the formula and improvement of Syro-Mesopotamian spiritual currents.
By Jacob Neusner
Those essays have been initially meant for presentation to Professor Erwin Ramsdell Goodenough at the get together of his seventy-fifth birthday. sooner than his loss of life, in March, 1965, he knew of our plans for this quantity and was once gladdened by way of them . . . The editor hopes that those papers, a lot of which fruitfully make the most of Goodenough's scholarship, might give a contribution to the severe dialogue of a few difficulties of shock to him in the course of his lifetime. He can conceive no better, nor extra applicable, act of reverence for the reminiscence of a loved instructor and pal. From the Foreword via Jacob Neusner
By Nathan S. Rosenstein
Given the serious festival between aristocrats looking public place of work within the center and overdue Roman Republic, one may anticipate that their continual struggles for honor, glory, and tool can have heavily undermined the kingdom or broken the cohesiveness of the ruling type. Rome in truth trusted aristocratic festival, considering no specialist forms directed public affairs and no wage was once hooked up to any public workplace. yet as Rosenstein adeptly exhibits, pageant looks to were unusually constrained, in ways in which curtailed the potential damaging results of all-out contests among individuals.Imperatores Victi examines one fairly awesome case of such assessments on festival. army luck always represented an plentiful resource of status and political energy at Rome. Generals who led armies to victory loved a better-than-average likelihood of securing greater workplace upon their go back from the sector. but this research demonstrates that defeated generals weren't barred from public workplace and in reality went directly to win the Republic's such a lot hugely coveted and hotly contested workplaces in numbers almost exact with these in their undefeated peers.Rosenstein explores how this unforeseen restrict to pageant services, reviewing ideals in regards to the spiritual origins of defeat, assumptions approximately universal infantrymen' tasks in conflict, and definitions of honorable habit of an aristocrat in the course of a difficulty. those views have been instrumental in transferring the onus of failure clear of a general's individual and in supplying optimistic thoughts a common may perhaps use to win glory and appreciate even in defeat and to silence power critics between a failed general's friends. Such limits to festival had an effect at the better difficulties of balance and coherence within the Republic and its political elite; those better difficulties are mentioned within the concluding bankruptcy.
Illyricum, within the western Balkan peninsula, used to be a strategically vital sector of the Roman Empire the place the method of Roman imperialism begun early and lasted for a number of centuries. Dzino right here examines Roman political behavior in Illyricum; the advance of Illyricum in Roman political discourse; and the start of the method that may combine Illyricum into the Roman Empire and wider networks of the Mediterranean international. additionally, he additionally explores the several narrative histories, from the romanocentric narrative of strength and Roman army conquest, which dominate the to be had assets, to different, prior scholarly interpretations of occasions.
By Gary H. Gossen
The oral culture of the Chamula humans in southern Mexico is wealthy and sundry in its humor, element, variety, imagery, and perception. Descendants of the traditional Maya, the Chamulas use language in a fashion that expresses their unique figuring out of the social and cosmic order to which they belong. The Sun/Christ deity presides over this universe. during this leading edge research in anthropology and folklore, Gary Gossen deals an excellent research of the cosmology, symbolism, and verbal habit of the Chamulas, established upon his systematic collections in their oral traditions in the framework in their personal people type scheme of language. now not strangely, the underlying constitution of Chamula different types of time and house additionally offers a massive key to knowing the fashion, constitution, and function in their folklore. Cosmology is therefore utilized in this ebook as a metalanguage for reporting and reading one other language, the reservoir of symbols and data in Chamula oral culture. Mr. Gossen's research runs the gamut from kid's improvised video games and songs via court docket language and oratory to the precise language for joking, gossip, sacred narrative, prayer and formality formulation. additionally, his description and research are augmented via greater than a hundred and eighty abstracts of narrative texts and several other unique Chamula drawings. there's a strong likelihood that this ebook might become considered as a vintage within the box of symbolic research of fantasy and oral culture. There are few, if any, released stories facing this sort of significant number of texts and helping ethnographic fabrics. -- Gary H. Gossen teaches anthropology on the collage of California, Santa Cruz.
By Roger Herz-Fischler
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Who has no longer obvious an image of the nice Pyramid of Egypt, gigantic in measurement yet deceptively uncomplicated suit, and never questioned how that form was resolute?
beginning within the past due eighteenth century, 11 major theories have been proposed to give an explanation for the form of the nice Pyramid. even supposing a few of these theories are renowned, there hasn't ever been a close exam in their origins and dissemination. two decades of study utilizing unique and difficult-to-obtain resource fabric has allowed Roger Herz-Fischler to piece jointly the exciting tale of those theories. Archaeological proof and historical Egyptian mathematical texts are mentioned so that it will position the theories of their right old context. The theories themselves are tested, now not as summary mathematical discourses, yet as writings by way of person authors, either popular and imprecise, who have been encouraged via the highbrow and social weather in their time.
between effects mentioned are the shut hyperlinks of a few of the pyramid theories with different theories, equivalent to the idea of evolution, in addition to the connection among the pyramid theories and the fight opposed to the creation of the metric approach. Of unique be aware is the bankruptcy studying how a few theories unfold while others have been rejected.
This e-book has been written to be obtainable to a large viewers, but 4 appendixes, precise endnotes and an exhaustive bibliography supply experts with the references anticipated in a scholarly paintings.