Download Change in Byzantine Culture in the Eleventh and Twelfth by A. P. Kazhdan PDF

By A. P. Kazhdan

ISBN-10: 0520069625

ISBN-13: 9780520069626

Byzantium, that darkish sphere at the outer edge of medieval Europe, is often considered as the immutable residue of Rome's decline. during this hugely unique and provocative paintings, Alexander Kazhdan and Ann Wharton Epstein revise this conventional snapshot via documenting the dynamic social alterations that happened in the course of the 11th and 12th centuries.

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F. Hendy, Coil/age alld MOlley in tire ByUlIltilll! , 1%9), 14- 25. 6. N. G. zantin (London, 1973), part 9, 389; H. Ahnvciler, Erosion sociale Itt comporterlllmts excentriques Ii Byzallce aux Xl' -XIIJ' siedes (Athens, 1976), 18f. 7. H. 'II Iris toire ocorLomiqul' (Paris, 1965), 364. The author assumes that when a site ceases to be mention'd in surviving sources it is de erted. In view of the paucity of contemporary documents, such an argum nt is extremely weak. 8. G. Ostrogorsky, "Radolivo/ ' ZRVI 7 (191),67(.

T al 0 commercial conditions. Usury was a problem in Byzantium: although condemned by the Church Fathers, it was an important part of the Byzantine economy. The nllmber of insolvent debtors was so high that in the late ninth or early tenth century Patriarch Euthymios begged Leo VI to free them of their debts. Romanos Lakapenos was forced to bow to this 26. Constantine Porphy rogenitu s, De cerilll. 18. On ~y"dotai, sce also Lemerle, Agrarian History, 134f. 27. Quoted by K. E. Zachariae von Lingenthal, GesdliclJte des riecllischrom;scllell Recllls (Berlin, 1892; reprint: Aalen in Wiirttembcrg, 1955), 235 n.

Edition of the Greek classics, including Homer, the 16. See the concluding chapter in P. Lemerle, Le premier 1IIIIIIIIIIisme byzQlltill (Paris, 1971), 267 - 300. Copy r gl"tea 'T a <.. From Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages 15 tragedians, Plato, and Aristotle, were produced at this time. Concurrently the ancient heritage was surveyed. Encyclopedism can be dated from Photios's Myriobiblon, a bibliographical description of more than three hundred works of ancient historians, geographers, philosophers, theolOgians, rhetoricians only poets did not gain a place in his collection.

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