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By Ikuo Kabashima, Gill Steel

Altering Politics in Japan is a clean and insightful account of the profound alterations that experience shaken up the japanese political process and remodeled it virtually past attractiveness within the final couple of many years. Ikuo Kabashima-a former professor who's now Governor of Kumamoto Prefecture-and Gill metal define the fundamental positive aspects of politics in postwar Japan in an obtainable and interesting demeanour. They specialise in the dynamic dating among electorate and elected or nonelected officers and describe the shifts that experience happened in how citizens reply to or keep watch over political elites and the way officers either reply to, and try and effect, electorate. The authors go back again and again to the subject of adjustments in illustration and accountability.

Kabashima and metal got down to demolish the nonetheless customary fantasy that jap politics are a stagnant set of entrenched structures and pursuits which are essentially undemocratic. instead, they demonstrate a full of life and dynamic democracy, during which politicians and events are more and more hearing and responding to citizens' wishes and pursuits and the media and different actors play a considerable position in protecting democratic responsibility alive and fit. Kabashima and metal describe how all of the political events in Japan have tailored the ways that they try to arrange and channel votes and argue that opposite to many journalistic stereotypes the govt is more and more appearing within the "the pursuits of citizens"-the median voter's personal tastes.

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Eventually, the bones of over 180,000 war victims were gathered, 57 but thousands more remain to be discovered. 58 “The war is far from over in Okinawa,” says Ota. ”59 It is a sentiment widely shared. The islanders’ resistance against US military bases is inseparable from their experience of the indescribable horrors of the war. Not only do they not want to see another war in Okinawa, many feel responsible for indirectly participating in US wars in Iraq and Afghanistan since their land is being used for military bases.

12 Imperial Directive In February 1945, former prime minister and imperial aide Konoe Fumimaro advised the emperor that defeat was “inevitable” and Japan should seek terms to end the war. Defeat carried the risk of a communist revolution that might endanger the national polity (kokutai), the emperor system. Emperor Hirohito disagreed, saying that negotiations should not be sought without first achieving one more military success. indb 18 6/21/12 8:34 AM War, Memory, and Commemoration 19 and surrender on August 15, 1945, thus ending the war, in Okinawa it tends to concentrate on this decision to continue to fight when the war was already lost.

87 In this way 55,000 Okinawan civilians, including children, were enshrined. The relief law and its associated compensation scheme were used to “cover up the Japanese military’s crime against Okinawans”88 and to conceal the truth about the Battle of Okinawa. 89 The families, many of them impoverished, seem to have had little idea that they were applying for compensation by agreeing that their family members had died because of cooperating with the military. Yet Kinjo and the other plaintiffs did challenge Yasukuni and the state.

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