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Extra info for A Reference Grammar of Pashto
Mańczak himself believes that the Romance forms under consideration come from Latin ambulare “to walk”: “A notre avis, le problème qui nous intéresse a été résolu, dès 1852, par le grand étymologiste Pott,5 qui s’est rendu compte que les verbes aller, andar, etc. proviennent tous de ambulāre et que leurs irrégularités s’expliquent par la fréquence d’emploi” [“We believe that the question that concerns us has been resolved since 1852 by the great etymologist Pott who understood that the verbs aller, andar, etc.
For example, English slid in The rock slid down the hill informs us about motion and its manner (sliding), while English blew in The napkin blew off the table contains information about motion and its cause (the blow [of wind]). ] [that] relate to the verb root as periphery (or modifiers) to a head” (Talmy 1985: 102). , Latin in-ire “to go in”, in-volare “to fly in”) are also satellites. The languages listed above are ‘satelliteframed’ because in them the satellites carry the information about the path.
5 Movement upward The main Latin verbs that expressed upward movement were the compounds of scandere/scendere “to ascend, to make one’s way uphill or to the top”: a-scendere “to ascend, to go up, to mount up, to climb”, con-scendere “to mount, to go up to, to climb to”, and e-scendere “to proceed to a place on a higher level, to go up”. The origin of these words is the Indo-European root *skand- (*skend-) “to leap, to climb”. Scandere was also in use, but the compounds were much more common, especially in prose, and eventually the compounds replaced the simple form (Ernout & Meillet 1985: 599).