By Edmund F. Wehrle
Among a River and a Mountain information American labor's strangely advanced courting to the yank struggle in Vietnam. Breaking from the simplistic tale of "hard hat patriotism," Wehrle makes use of newly published archival fabric to illustrate the AFL-CIO's carrying on with commitment to social, political, and financial reform in Vietnam. The advanced, occasionally turbulent, dating among American union leaders and their opposite numbers within the Vietnamese Confederation of work (known because the CVT) resulted in risky political compromises: the AFL-CIO finally permitted much-needed help for his or her Vietnamese actions from the CIA, whereas the CVT's have to maintain their dating with the american citizens lured them into entanglements with a succession of corrupt Saigon governments. even supposing the story's endpoint--the painfully divided and weakened hard work circulate of the 1970s--may be time-honored, Wehrle bargains a completely new realizing of the old forces prime as much as that decline, unraveling his tale with enormous sophistication and narrative skill."Stunning in its learn and complicated in its research, among a River and a Mountain is among the most sensible reports we have now of work and the Vietnam War."--Robert ok. Brigham, Shirley Ecker Boskey Professor of historical past and diplomacy, Vassar College"Skillfully mixing diplomatic and hard work background, Wehrle's ebook is a priceless contribution to the ever-widening literature at the Vietnam War."--George Herring, collage of Kentucky"Wehrle has written a compelling and unique examine of the AFL-CIO, the South Vietnamese hard work move and the Vietnam War."--Judith Stein, Professor of historical past, urban university and Graduate institution of town collage of latest York "With this crucial e-book, Edmund Wehrle offers us the 1st full-fledged scholarly exam of equipped labor's dating to the Vietnam battle. in accordance with deep examine in U.S. and overseas data, and provided in transparent and swish prose, among a River and a Mountain provides greatly to our knowing of ways the AFL-CIO approached the warfare and in flip used to be essentially altered via its staunch aid for Americanization. neither is it simply an American tale that Wehrle tells, for he additionally provides attention-grabbing details at the Vietnamese Confederation of work and its sometimes-strained kinfolk with U.S. labor."--Fredrik Logevall, Cornell UniversityEdmund F. Wehrle is Assistant Professor of historical past, japanese Illinois college.
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Extra info for Between a River and a Mountain: The AFL-CIO and the Vietnam War
76 Alongside the Marshall Plan, the AFL found another willing benefactor for its activities in Western Europe-the CIA. Beginning in 1949, the AFL inaugurated an informal arrangement through which its semiprivate auxil iary, the Free Trade Union Committee, received yearly grants from the CIA. Between 1949 and 1958, the CIA transferred nearly half a million dollars to the FTUC. "77 American labor resented the supposed Ivy League elit ism of CIA agents, while agency officials harbored misgivings about left wing former communists such as jay Lovestone.
71 He even went so far as to criticize "labor's Magna Carta," the Wagner Act. "73 Soon some in the CIO were echoing this neo-Gompers line. "74 Far from clarifying and delineating the proper relationship between an autonomous labor movement and government, the rhetoric of free trade unionism seemed more often to slide toward angry antistatism. For the AFL internationalists, maintaining trade union strength and autonomy was not only the best way to defend labor at home but was essen tial to defending democracy abroad as the world entered the tense postwar era.
Left-leaning or communist trade unions and unionists remained (as did conservative, isolationist elements in the AFL), but increasingly anticommunist internationalists, guided by the principles of free trade unionism, charted the course for organized labor. The full-scale arrival of the cold war and the concurrent sudden shift in American priorities also brought dramatic changes to the AFL's foreign pol icy in Western Europe. The inauguration of a large-scale, American-funded recovery program for Europe, proposed by Secretary of State George C.