Download Biotechnology in China II: Chemicals, Energy and Environment by Zhenjiang Li, Xiaojun Ji, Suli Kan, Hongqun Qiao, Min Jiang PDF

By Zhenjiang Li, Xiaojun Ji, Suli Kan, Hongqun Qiao, Min Jiang (auth.), G. T. Tsao, Pingkai Ouyang, Jian Chen (eds.)

Past, current, and destiny business Biotechnology in China, by means of Zhenjiang Li, Xiaojun Ji, Suli Kan, Hongqun Qiao, Min Jiang, Dingqiang Lu, Jun Wang, He Huang, Honghua Jia, Pingkai Ouyuang, and Hanjie Ying; natural chemical substances from Bioprocesses in China, through Jin Huang, Lei Huang, Jianping Lin, Zhinan Xu, and Peilin Cen; Biofuels in China, via Tianwei Tan, Jianliang Yu, Jike Lu, and Tao Zhang; Bioreactors and Bioseparation, through Siliang Zhang, Xuejun Cao, Ju Chu, Jiangchao Qian, and Yingping Zhuang; Environmental Biotechnology in China, by way of Shuang Jiang Liu , Lei Liu , Muhammad Tausif Chaudhry , Lei Wang , Ying Guang Chen , Qi Zhou , He Liu , and Jian Chen; conventional chinese language Biotechnology, by way of Yan Xu , Dong Wang , Wen Lai Fan , Xiao Qing Mu, and Jian Chen; glossy Biotechnology in China, by way of Qing-Zhao Wang and Xue-Ming Zhao

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The technology integrated synthesis of the substrate 4-hydroxyphenyl hydantoin, culture of bacteria, fermentation process and enzyme production, and enzymatic transformation. The conversion rate was over 98%, and the yield reached 80% [39, 40]. 7 Vitamin C According to the statistics of the Chinese Chemical and Pharmaceutical Industry Associations and Feed Industry Association, total annual output capacity of various types of vitamin is about 200,000 tons in China. Of this figure the production of choline chloride is about 100,000 tons, accounting for 40% of global output; the production of vitamin C is about 48,700 tons, accounting for 40% of global output; the production of vitamin E is about 12,000 tons, accounting for 30% of global output; the production of vitamin A is 3,000 tons, accounting for 10% of global output; and other vitamins represent about 20,000 tons.

Traditional production methods for nicotinamide include nicotine acid ammonization and smoke sacrificial lye solution. Domestic factories mostly use the second method. But the technique is out of date. The production scale was small, the cost was high, and the total output was low. Lonza is the main producer of nicotinamide with the largest global share. With the technology of Nittoco, Japan, Lonza has established the first industrial unit globally to produce nicotinamide by a microbiological method.

Currently, the great challenge incurred by the ever-increasing crisis of scarceness of fossil fuels must be faced by ethylene and its derivative industry which originates from the petrochemical industry. An old sustainable process to manufacture ethylene using dehydration of bioethanol has been evoked in order to alleviate the crisis. So the word bioethylene has been coined to represent the ethylene produced from dehydration of bioethanol. The technology for converting bioethanol to bioethylene by dehydration could date back as much as 200 years.

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