By Michael J. Piore
Birds of Passage offers an unorthodox research of migration ion to city commercial societies from underdeveloped rual parts. It argues that such migrations are a continual characteristic of commercial societies and they are generated by means of forces inherent within the nature of commercial economies. It explains why traditional financial idea unearths such migrations so tough to understand, and demanding situations a collection of older assumptions that supported the view that those migrations have been necessary to either sending and receiving societies. Professor Piore heavily questions even if migration really relieves inhabitants strain and rural unemployment, and even if it develops abilities precious for the emergence of an commercial labour strength in the house nation. additionally, he criticizes the suggestion that during the long term migrant labour enhances local labour. at the foundation of this critique, he develops another thought of the character of the migration procedure.
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Extra resources for Birds of Passage: Migrant Labor and Industrial Societies
If the bottom jobs were somehow cut off, the jobs directly above them would be at the bottom. The locus of the problem would be changed, but the problem itself would remain. Migrants provide a solution to the problem essentially because they come from outside and remain apart from the social structure in which the jobs are located. The exact sense in which this is true, and the way in which it affects their motivation, will be discussed in some detail in the next chapter. This view does not necessarily imply that all the jobs migrants hold are fundamental to basic motivational forces.
This view, as an image of contemporary migrations between industrial societies and less-developed areas, is wrong. Most such migrations in the beginning are temporary.
There is some material about particular sources of instability in specific industries. Seasonal variability in construction, for example, has been of concern to policy makers in North America for some time. 28 Another example is provided by a Hungarian official who reported in private conversation about efforts in that country to mute seasonable variability in rural employment by locating manufacturing plants with seasonal production patterns complementary to agriculture (or with the ability to inventory output) in rural areas, although there does not seem to be a literature about this.